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Known as the “Land of Eternal Spring”, Guatemala belongs to the seven countries that are part of Central America. The tropical climate and traditions make this region of the world perfect for lovers of culture. For this reason, we have put together a list of interesting facts about Guatemala!
The name “Guatemala” comes from…
The land we now call Guatemala was once called “Quauhtemallan”. Many experts and historians believe that “Quauhtemallan” means “Land of abundant forests”. Other historians think that the name “Guatemala” comes from the word “Guhatezmalha”, which means “mountain of water”.
21 dialects are spoken in Guatemala
Spanish is the official language and is spoken by 90% of the population. However, there are also ancient Mayan, Xinca and Garífuna roots. Since the Mayan civilization was developed, the language has evolved into 21 dialects that can be heard today.
Is the chocolate from Guatemala?
Chocolate is originally from Guatemala! It was used in the Mayan culture since the 6th century AD The word ‘chocolate’ comes from the Mayan word ‘xocoatl’ which means bitter water. At that time, cocoa was the basis of a thick, cold, sugar-free drink. Since sugar had not yet been discovered, different spices were used to add flavor, such as the hot chili peppers used in the production of gourmet chocolate today.
Two Nobel Prize Winners
Did you know that two Guatemalans have won the Nobel Prize? First it was the novelist, poet, playwright, journalist and diplomat Miguel Ángel Asturias, who won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1967. He was the second Latin American author to win it. In 1992, the Nobel Committee awarded the Nobel Peace Prize to Guatemalan K’iche feminist and human rights activist Rigoberta Menchú Tum for her work respecting the rights of indigenous peoples.
There are more than 30 volcanoes in Guatemala
The incredible number of volcanoes in Guatemala are enough to put it on the map. Of these, the most prominent volcano is Tajumulco. It is the highest point in Central America at 4,202 meters. And of more than 30 volcanoes, only three are active: Fuego, Pacaya and Santiaguito.
Tikal National Park is the first fixed site that is a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Tikal National Park has earned its title as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its cultural and natural wonders. The Mayan ruins of Tikal are embedded in the jungle.
world renowned coffee
Guatemalan coffee is considered one of the best in the world. The quality of coffee grown in Guatemala is the result and combination of the country’s microclimates, altitude, soil quality, amount of rainfall, access to sunlight, and farming methods.